The Abyssinian cat as well as the Siamese cat belonging to one of the oldest breeds in history. It is believed that through the mummified cats that have been found they relate it by their similarities to this breed, it’s said that they come from the ancient Egyptian cat and were loved by the pharaohs themselves. But, according to research and genetic studies, it shows that the Abyssinian come from the wild cat of the jungles of Southeast Asia. It is said that this breed was moved from Asia to Africa by British traders and later they were taken by the British military to England. In 1860 The first Abyssinian cat was introduced to the United Kingdom after a military expedition to Abyssinia, now Ethiopia was named Zulu and was the source of what we know about today’s Abyssinian.
For being such a beautiful cat, with a short and spectacular coat, with a slim and athletic body, it attracted people’s attention. Later on, due to its great features, the systematic breeding of this cat began, it is said that it was crossed with the British shorthair and later on with oriental breeds. The Abyssinian was officially recognized in 1882, joining the group of one of the oldest recognized breeds. A few years later this breed arrived in the United States and was recognized in 1911 by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA). A curious fact, this breed was at risk of extinction twice, the first time was after the Second World War and the second was in the 1960s due to an epidemic of feline leukemia, but despite these setbacks, the cat lovers of this breed did everything possible to protect it and make sure that they are still present today.
Abyssinian cat breed has an elegant bearing, is skillful, familiar, curious, and intelligent. it’s a medium sized cat, their body is thin but long and muscular, small head, with large pointed and standing ears, with good separation between them and a good sense of hearing. His eyes are large and almond-shaped, golden or green in color, and with black lines around his eyes. Its legs are long and its paw pads are rounded and firm. Its tail is long and thin, which allows it to be agile and active.
Their coat has a thin layer and is short, soft, and smooth. The colors of an Abyssinian kitten start to show from the sixth week of life and sometimes last a couple of years to mark the fixed tone of their coat. The pattern of the coat of these cats is part of one of the main recognizable characteristics of the Abyssinian cat, which is the ticked coat, in this case, it’s a ticked tabby and was recognized for the first time in this breed so its tones are unique. The colors of their coat are unique and have been recognized and accepted by the association and are divided into the Ruddy, which is one of the original colors of the Abyssinian cats and is like a light brown or dark alabaster color with orange shades, and black marbled areas. The blue, which is not blue as such, are shades or shadows between grey and blue. The sorrel comes as a brown or cinnamon color with a brown ticking. And finally, the Fawn is like a dilution of the sorrel but has a light cream base with a warm cream marbling and some white shading.
The Abyssinian cat is known to be an intelligent, curious, active, agile cat. He is a very familiar cat and likes to be surrounded by people, likes to call a lot of attention so it requires you to be very attentive to him and especially the females. They are playful and mischievous, so you have to make sure that since they are kittens give them a good education so they understand the limits, learn quickly so you will not have problems in their growth if you devote yourself to teach them. They are also known for being a lap cat, they want you to always be there for them, to pet them, to be present for them, as they tend to stick to their owners a lot, so be aware if you are someone who lives alone, make sure you bring at least one feline companion because loneliness is not something they usually handle well and make sure you bring both cats as puppies so they can get to know each other better and create their bond at an early age, as the Abyssinian kitten tends to be more dominant.
Like any pet, food is essential to their health. Cats are carnivores, in essence, so you have to make sure that they get the right amount of protein. We recommend you give them fresh meat and a low amount of carbohydrates. Also, their feeding will be based on their lifestyle, age and activities, always make sure that their food is high quality because it will determine if they have the correct nutrition for their growth and so you can prevent future complications or illnesses.
HYGIENE AND CARE
The Abyssinian breed has a short coat so it doesn’t require much care. Only once a week you should brush it to remove the dead coat and avoid hair loss and bathe it only when it deserves it. Your oral health is very important, it is recommended that you brush their teeth once a week to avoid the accumulation of scabs and bad odors, as this will help prevent periodontal disease and especially in this breed of slightly delicate cats.
As for his nails, if the cat doesn’t like it or doesn’t go outside, we recommend that every 15 days you cut the tips a little bit with a special cat nail clipper or visit the veterinarian because it can affect the furniture inside the house but if the cat likes to go outside, it’s better not to do it. His ears try to keep them clean and we recommend that you use a soft, damp cloth or use special wipes sold in pet shops, you should apply them calmly, as they are sensitive in that area, avoid using cotton swabs as they can be harmful. Also, remember to always keep their sandbox clean.
These cats for being very active and playful and even more since kittens, as we mentioned before, you have to set him the limits inside the house and take advantage of giving him good training since he likes climbing a lot. They require a lot of exercise, so make sure that he has access to the outside and can spend his energy with games or climbing trees, take precautions and make it a safe garden or also get him used to use a leash or harness as a puppy and be able to walk with him as if they were a dog, so you can spend their energy in a good way, kill their curiosity and expand their routes. Dedicate a certain amount of daily attention to him or if you have a family, try to keep him spoiled by everyone. Avoid that your cat becomes sedentary or lazy, because it can bring great consequences to its health and can cause obesity and as a result of this other diseases or injuries can appear as the patella luxation, which is a knee injury, so if you see that your cat begins to limp in his hinds legs, go immediately to your vet to confirm whether or not this disease.
Try to keep your vet’s appointments every year to keep their vaccinations up to date, have them de-wormed at the right time, and have them fully checked by the vet to rule out any diseases.
BREEDING AND HEALTH
If you decide to have a domestic cat and in this case, an Abyssinian cat breed, find it through a reputable breeder. Getting a cat from a certified breeder assures you that it is a purebred cat with its respective documents, and has been raised in good conditions, and has been raised correctly with its mother and has been fed in the right way. Also taking into account that they have not been separated from their mother after 12 weeks so that they have learned the correct way of living and being a good cat. Also, when you get a cat through an honest breeder you can know if they were crossed responsibly or if they have some genetic disease or not, and more in these cats since they tend to be predisposed to inherit diseases.
Abyssinians are normally healthy and easy to care for but tend to inherit diseases like many other cats, one of the most well known is pyruvate kinase deficiency, which is a lack of this enzyme, causing a decrease in red blood cells, leading to hemolytic anemia resulting in other severe symptoms, make sure your breeder knows if your cat can inherit this disease and take all necessary precautions with your vet.
Another well-known fact about this breed and Oriental cats is that they are prone to developing renal amyloidosis, through kidney disease, either by chronic infection or cancer, which is a fatal disease. Your vet will try to help your cat as much as possible to relieve their symptoms, but unfortunately, there is no cure. Abyssinians also suffer from progressive retinal atrophy, an eye disease, and one of the main symptoms that can develop is night blindness, and over the years your cat will become visually handicapped, so be sure to have your pet checked by your vet every few times between the ages of 2 and 6 years to ensure this inherited disease is ruled out, and to make sure your cat’s kittens don’t inherit it. Like any adult cat, they can also suffer from Hip Dysplasia, patellar luxation, dental disease from bad management, and heart disease such as Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
The Abyssinian cats are one of the most popular cats in the world and known for acting like dogs, they like to depend on people, be loving, familiar, playful and very clever, you can even take them out for a walk with their harness, and what better to have a pet that can be independent for their own needs and a such a friendly companion for every cat lover out there. I hope all this information can be helpful to you and you decide to have this majestic cat. If you have any questions or if you think I’ve missed anything please let me know on the comment section down below.