English Cocker Spaniel – The excellence in the shape of man’s best friend

Dogs Human Classroom

Look up to the sky! Is it a bird? Is it a plane? NO! It’s the English Cocker Spaniel, one of the oldest but well cherished small game or bird hunters that have been around for quite some time. The English Cocker Spaniel is the most well-balanced dog breed you’ll ever find. Be it accompanying the man during the hunt, competing against other breeds in dog shows, or maybe for a spot in your bed. The English Cocker is a breed that will fit your home, lifestyle, and family however you see it. His outstanding personality, devotion, and need to please his human companion makes them one of the best breeds in the market. If you are interested in adopting one of these wonderful creatures, I invite you to read a little about this hunting breed before you finish making your decision. Although I think I have said enough to convince you to look for one, you should learn as much as you can about the breed and its needs before making any decision. Knowledge over action.


Surely you have heard about this breed or at least some other dog belonging to the Spaniel group or sporting dogs, being one of the closest to them and compared to the English Springer Spaniel. Not only do they share a group in association records or may have certain similar qualities, but also part of their history, appearing alongside humans since before the invention of the rifle during bird hunts. Since then, these dogs are described with a word by the great majority of their owners, Merry, thanks to their loving personality and dedication to their owners in everything they can do, in addition to their very expressive eyes. The English Spaniel is one of the best creations there is and his excellent personality continues to demonstrate it until today.

According to the data, there are records from the 1300s, where they were gaining popularity in the areas where their body and dexterity allowed them to hunt so gracefully and effectively. The English Cocker Spaniel is the original version, as well as other hunting breeds, but especially the Spaniels were born in these English lands. The other version, the Cocker Spaniel breed standard, is the American one, which this field spaniel was created for woodcock hunting, where its name comes from, although it is said that this version of the English Spaniel was made smaller to help it gain its spot and fame in other lands, as well as in other activities such as dog shows. Although this was not necessary since the appearance and lively spirit of this breed does not need help to win people’s hearts. This American version was seen in the mid-1800s, becoming a recognized breed (the Cocker Spaniel) by the AKC by the year 1878. Besides the fact that it differs from the original and English version by having shorter height, longer limbs, and a more rounded skull, as always, some kept with the original, the English, so they created a group called the English Cocker Spaniel of America for the year 1935 to keep always present the purity or pedigree of this breed. Even though they were registered as one breed but being a variation between them, it was not until 1946 that the AKC finally recognized the English and the American as different breeds, rather than one of the same group being a variation of the same dog as it was for many years before. 

Whether they are wanted for competitions, hunting, or for domestic use, the English Cocker Spaniel remains among people’s favorites. In the United States, the American version is much more popular than the English one, so you may find it tedious to get one that is to your liking.


The original version, the English one, is a balance or equilibrium in what almost all people look for in a pet. About how his body is made, his mentality and personality that make the English Cocker Spaniel stand out so much throughout history. His qualities make him such a sought after and perfect gun dog, as long as the family or home he is destined for has what it takes to care for him, to provide everything so that he can have a full and happy life. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12 and 13 years old, but it all depends on what I mentioned, on the quality of life you can give him, from a little dog to an adult dog. 

At maturity, an English Cocker measures about 18 inches and weighs 25 to 34 pounds. It is common among many breeds that the male tends to have the largest size and weight compared to a female, but as these things can change, you should always be aware of your pet’s weight. Being an active flushing dog and always waiting for the moment to play, he is still prone to suffer from obesity if you don’t control his diet, so it is a very important aspect that you should not neglect. Now that we know a little more about this English cocker spaniel breed, let’s go on to describe their physique to understand a little of what so many people talk about how they are seen. Their body is not so big that it is a problem in small spaces, but neither is it too small that you should be careful not to step over it. Their bodies are muscular and athletic, with enough agility and endurance to be able to do their job like the great hunter they are, but not as beefy as a Pitbull or Rottweiler. I don’t know if these breeds are always like this, with excess muscles, but some breed them in such a way or simply because of their size they appear to have much more muscle mass. Their fur, despite being long in certain areas of the body, is made for the environment where they develop and have continued to do so after so many years, as some humans say if it is not broken do not fix it.

Its coat is short in most of its body, having a long silky coat in the ears and everything that corresponds to the lower or ventral part of its body as well as its extremities. The coat color comes in a great variety of colors, which can make it ideal for those who look for a specific pattern and color in their pets, but looking for such a particular one can be a somewhat difficult task since it depends on several factors, but being such a popular dog breed you should not have as much trouble in this matter as many other breeds. The marks on their coat can be ticked, white markings or tan markings, while among their great variety of colors you have black, black and white, blue roan and tan, golden, lemon roan, liver, liver tan, liver white tan, orange and white, red roan, red and white, sable and tan, among many others. Their eyes are irresistible, plus it helps them to manipulate, and for many reasons they melt and win anyone’s heart when they set their mind to it. The only thing that many might criticize is how tedious the task of keeping their ears and long coat in optimal condition can be. Their ears are pendulous and somewhat long, but because of the hair, they are prone to certain pathologies, just as their long hair is prone to tangles and knots or other problems that if left to grow will cause problems in their skin. They are excellent for the family environment, they get along great with the little ones in the house. They are very loving, loyal, intelligent, and always full of life waiting for their next adventure with their favorite people. He even gets along with other pets and strangers, only that he must have some disadvantage, that despite being a good watchdog, he will receive with much appreciation, even the thieves because it is not in his nature to be aggressive or to have that protective attitude.

Your English Cocker will not only demand some attention to take care of his coat but also meet his social needs. This is a breed that will seek to be always with the family, even if they do not do any activity will seek to be at the center of everything looking to attract attention whenever possible. It will be able to seem tender when it is convenient but it will always be alert and expecting something, thanks to its instinct as every good hunting dog. That is why it is also important that you can provide him with adequate space and time to satisfy his desire to move so he can drain all his energy, play, and please his owners by being the good boy he can be under good training. That said, like the great majority, if not all dogs, do not respond well to a period of training where they are strongly repressed. It is very different to maintain a firm hand than to have to resort to violence. If you sow fear in your pet, expect him to respond to it at any time. There is no need for this kind of thing, as long as you do things right. Exercise is not only good for his body but also his mind. You can’t blame them for being this way since that’s why they were created and have been used for work, to follow a special training for dog shows or any other activity that involves their favorite people, it’s something you have to take care of as well as their skin and coat, so you can have the dog that you can find so much in other articles or comments with some other owner with the experience of having raised an English Cocker Spaniel.

Something else you should always be aware of is where you play or if you go for a walk with your English Spaniel. Despite his intelligence and ease with training, his hunting instinct is something you can’t always control, so it’s important to always keep your sporting dog controlled to avoid accidents as they tend to be completely blinded by their owners’ commands if they catch a scent that gets their attention. Some of them may not cause this kind of problem, although this is something that you can expect when adopting a dog of this breed, thus the importance of securing your pet. This is not the only problem you should be aware of, it is about their health plan. As a puppy, you must take advantage of this stage to educate him and teach him everything you want and wish him to learn, but everything must be with limitations, and not just anyone can come into contact with your pet. There are dog training schools that will require certain vaccinations to accept your English Cocker puppy and others where they don’t usually have so many requirements, but even so, it is something you should agree with your vet so that he can better instruct you about the possible risks and the way you should manage your pet. Certainly, there is enough information about this topic on the internet, but if you need to assist with the vaccination and deworming plan, you can take advantage of these trips to clarify all your doubts, and together with the doctor make a plan for this stage of your new puppy’s life. 

You must have this under control, especially because of the socialization with other pets that is usually important for them to learn to get along with other animals and avoid any problems in the future. Abrupt exposure to this type of situation can result in a disaster because your puppy may respond badly, out of fear of something he doesn’t know about, some pets being so full of life and energy won’t measure up to their actions in front of these puppies. It could even cause trauma to your pet, which could well be an extreme example but is still a possibility. This is why it is so essential that you establish a plan to follow together with the doctor who is the professional that will look for the best and healthiest option for your new English Cocker Spaniel puppy.

Although it may seem a bit confusing, I hope you have learned to differentiate a Cocker Spaniel or American Cocker Spaniel from an English Cocker Spaniel. Between what I have described in the history section and their descriptions, both have great similarities and with great reasons because nowadays, some do not know how to recognize the original version which is the English one. They know that it belongs to the Spaniel group but not which one exactly. The Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel come from the same place but their anatomical differences were because they wanted to change certain aspects to make their task easier when hunting birds. But, this smaller spaniel version was much more attractive than the English one and is the reason why its popularity is greater in the United States. Not only this, in the rest of the world, the Cocker Spaniel is known as the American Cocker Spaniel so it can be confusing to many but it is for these reasons. The English Cocker Spaniel Club of America was created by fans of the original version to differentiate it from the “American version”. The Cocker is smaller and longer while the English are taller. anyway, there are more types and names like Land Spaniel, Water spaniel, Sussex spaniel, and more.


Among several of the things I have already mentioned, the care of your pet’s coat and ears should be as important as everything else, as well as oral hygiene, your pet’s weight should be kept within parameters to avoid both injuries and unnecessary pathologies if you keep visiting the veterinarian as usual. For hair care, you can take it to a canine groomer or buy the tools and do it yourself, but you should only do this if you know what you are doing. Remember to always use veterinary products recommended by your pet’s doctor to avoid a problem when you’re looking to help your dog. The doctor will always be your best ally when it comes to your pet’s health and quality of life, but it is equally important that you have a record of your pet’s family members that you can only get from a reputable breeder. The reason for this is that it will help you identify any pathology that your pet may have over others. Remember that being predisposed to a disease only makes it more prone than other breeds, it is not a certainty that your pet will acquire that disease since it could even acquire a different one.

Ear infections like otitis is a fairly tedious problem to deal with and can well become painful for your pet, just as a dental cleaning for you will simply be a monetary cost but for your dog, it could be a traumatic experience. These types of problems are usually caused by mismanagement and are not something that takes away your “valuable” time, so that you can’t dedicate just a few minutes of your day to take care of your pet and fulfill the responsibilities that you accepted when you adopted your English Cocker Spaniel puppy. 

Among the pathologies that you must keep alert for are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, dilated cardiomyopathy, nephropathies, progressive retinal atrophy, patellar luxation, among others. By knowing your pet you will be able to detect many diseases at an early age to avoid running the risk of your pet, reaching an advanced stage of a disease that could well put his life at risk.

I hope this article has been helpful and you liked it, that you learned everything you need to know to adopt an English Cocker Spaniel. If you have any questions or feel that I missed something please let me know in the comment section down below

Professor Whiskers
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21 thoughts on “English Cocker Spaniel – The excellence in the shape of man’s best friend

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