The Singapura cat breed

Cats Human Classroom

Known as the cat of love, the Singapura is a cat breed that is very charming, affectionate and draws a lot of attention for cat lovers for having a great personality. As its name reflects, this breed comes from the island of Singapore, a word which Malay origin means “Lion City”, there are many doubts about its exact origin but it is known that it is an ancient breed. Singapura cat is known in the United States and is recognized by most associations worldwide. It’s said that this cat breed has some relation with the Abyssinian cat because of its coat and similar appearance but nothing is proved.

History

The presence of these cats was always in Singapore, a country located in SouthEast Asia, approximately 300 years ago and it is believed that their origin comes from cats from different parts of the world that arrived by ships and mixed with the wild cats found on the island. Most of the Singapura cats liked to live in drains, sewers so they were nicknamed “Drain cats” and it is believed that their size is due to the adaptation of living in places like this, but nothing is proven. In the ’70s an American tourist couple Hal and Tommy Meadow who was dedicated to the cat breeding of the Abyssinians, Siamese, and Burmese were on the island and they noticed the Singapura cats, in which they fell in love and took with them back to the United States two pairs of female and male being these known as the foundation cats. 

Over the years they dedicated themselves to a breeding program of this breed following the advice of British scientists to determine the standards of the breed. To make the Singapura known they started to take it to cat exhibitions to increase its popularity in all North America, which had positive results since as the years went by it became more and more recognized until in the year 1979 it was accepted by The International Cat Association (TICA) allowing them to participate in the championship competition and later in the year 1982 they were accepted to be registered in The CatFanciers Association (CFA) as it determined them as a natural breed and allowed them to participate in championships in 1988. The breed was brought to Europe at the end of the ’80s but did not become very famous so it is currently very difficult to get a breeder in the continent, but gradually its popularity is increasing. Despite being a cat that is recognized in the country, nowadays this breed is still rare but has a group of people firmly dedicated to its breeding and loved by many Pet-owners. And today you can still see on the streets in their home country a few of this breed and in 1991 the Singapore government recognized the Singapura cat as a living national treasure.

Features 

The Singapura cat breed has characteristics that make it unique, the main one is to be known as the smallest cat breed of domesticated cats in the world but its size can vary and you can find some of the medium sizes. It gets its full size between the age of 15 to 24 months. Singapura cat can measure between 6 to 8 inches in height and the weight varies according to the sex, the female can weigh between 4 to 6 lbs and the male can weigh between 6 to 8 lbs. It has an approximate life expectancy of 11 to 15 years. Even though he is a small cat and his body looks delicate, he is quite the opposite, he has an athletic and agile body, developed muscles, and has great jumping skills. His face is in proportion to his body, he is small in size, with large sized eyes with black oval-shaped edges and the eye color can be green, hazel, and yellow. His muzzle is somewhat wide and short. His ears are large and wide, triangular but with slightly rounded tips. The tail of this cat is thin and fine with the tip equally rounded and is of medium length.

This feline is characterized by a short coat and a single color that has a special name Sepia agouti, a different way of saying for ticked tabby pattern, with dark brown spots over light, cream-colored fur. Also, the tones vary depending on the body part, have bands of light and dark ticking, ending with a dark tail, and are lighter near their chests, stomachs, and muzzle. When kittens are born they have a light-colored coat and it gets darker as they grow. According to the standards established by the associations, the color of the coat of the Singapura is rare and interesting and is completely defined between the 2 and 3 years of life, its texture is silky and soft so you will like to cuddle it constantly.

 Personality

Despite being a small breed the Singapura has a great personality, they are known for being very affectionate with their new family, at the beginning they are a little shy and awkward for being a new environment, but once they get confidence and develop their personality they are very affectionate cats, they love to interact with the family and like to attract a lot of attention, they even get along well with strangers. 

They love to play and it’s something they keep up until they’re adults, so it’s good that they have toys to distract themselves and I recommend intelligence games that you can interact with them and teach them tricks or learn to do different things and reward them with treats. They are athletic and active so they would like to go out in the yard if you have one, they like to jump, run, so make sure it’s a safe yard; they are very smart and learn fast, have great curiosity, and like being adventurous. They like high places, climbing shelves, or even standing on their owners’ shoulders, you have the option of putting shelves on the walls of different sizes so that your cat has a place to climb without problems inside the house. Also, they are a bit quiet and calm, you will hear them meowing but if they do it they have a soft and sweet tone of voice that ends up being a relatively pleasant meowing, and of course, something that they cannot tolerate is the strong noises, they get very scared if they hear it unexpectedly. They get along well with other pets such as dogs and cats, and more so with those of the same breed. They also get along well with children, but it’s recommended to always keep an eye on them if they are very young.

Care and Health

The advantage with short-haired cats is that their coat is easy to care for, so it’s recommended that only needs to be groomed one time a week to help remove the dead hair and keep it shiny as it will help stimulate the secretion of the natural oils from its coat. You should also check and keep their ears clean from time to time, using special cat cleaners and with a lot of care. Brush the teeth frequently with a vet-recommended pet toothpaste for good overall health and fresh breath and I recommend that you start these practices from kittens so that they get used to them and so when they are adults you don’t have problems with their hygiene care. You only need to bathe when you think it’s convenient or because it’s very dirty. Help him to keep the weight off through activities and games, which allow him to exercise and thus avoid overweight.

To also maintain good health, you should visit your vet at least twice a year for check-ups and rule out any type of illness, be up to date with all their vaccination schedules, and have your pet dewormed both externally and internally.

Singapura cats are in very good health but no cat is free from getting sick. One of the most well known is pyruvate kinase deficiency, which is a lack of this enzyme, causing a decrease in red blood cells, leading to hemolytic anemia resulting in other severe symptoms, make sure your breeder knows if your cat can inherit this disease and take all necessary precautions with your vet. Birthing is also a health problem that can have the Singapuras since they are difficult or unable to give birth because their muscles are very weak, it’s a health condition called uterine inertia, so the kittens must be born by a cesarean section.

Like all pets, your feline’s diet should be high-quality cat food, you have to make sure it has all the nutrients it needs to maintain good health. I recommend you ask your veterinarian to find out what type of food is best for your pet, as it may vary according to their lifestyle, age, or condition. Depending on their diet, you will be able to ensure that your pet has a good life and can grow without complications, as well as help them maintain a healthy and shiny coat and prevent many diseases.

 Breeding

Getting a Singapura cat from a reputable breeder assures you that it is a purebred cat with its respective documents, and has been raised in good conditions, and has been raised correctly with its mother and has been fed in the right way. Also taking into consideration that they have not been separated from their mother after 12 weeks so that they have learned the correct way of living and being a good cat. Also, when you get a cat through an honest breeder you can know if they were crossed responsibly or if they have some genetic disease or not, also that it demonstrates that they have been vaccinated and dewormed, checked, and completely verified by a veterinarian, that their feeding has been of high quality. Also, breeders are a little worried about the lack of genetic diversity in the breed, it has been demonstrated through published studies that the Singapura and Burmese cat have the least genetic diversity among 22 breeds studied, so in part it would be very good to adopt this breed since it has not been crossed with other cats and has maintained its lineage and is less likely to develop genetic diseases, taking into consideration that your honest breeder should give you all the documentation that confirms it. You can also find out through shelters or organizations if you want to adopt an adult Singapura or kitten that could be abandoned by their owners and give them a second chance to have a family again.

If you want to have a Singapura kitten, I recommend you to find out first everything about this breed, if you can give it the life it deserves and accept all that comes with the responsibility of having a pet. Even if it costs a little bit to get a cat of the Singapura breed is a great option, you will not regret having such a loving domestic cat that likes to share with his owners special moments, that are very playful, intelligent, and with a great family instinct. If you have any questions or if you think I’ve missed anything please let me know in the comment section down below.

Professor Whiskers
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